Why Study in the USA?
With around 4,500 higher education institutions, all providing world-class degree programs, it is no wonder that just over 1.1 million international students choose to study in the US each year. Higher education is delivered in institutions referred to as colleges, which are split into two main types. Public colleges are state-funded, have lower tuition fees and a larger capacity for students. Private colleges are funded by donations, tuition fees and grants, meaning that they have higher tuition fees, but fewer students.
Many of the colleges or universities in the US are leaders in numerous ranking tables. This means that a qualification earned at a US institution will be highly regarded by employers worldwide. In the 2019 QS World University rankings, the US has 5 institutions in the top 10. It also occupies 33 spots in the top 100. The highest-ranked university is the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), which takes first place. It is followed by Stanford University and Harvard University in second and third places respectively.
Education system in the USA
If you want to pursue your higher studies in USA, you should know that there are three types of institutions in the USA:
Universities – Normally, universities in the USA offer a range of graduate programs, including doctoral programs to take for study in USA. Universities are usually larger than colleges in terms of sizes and opportunities. There are two types of universities in the USA – public and private.
Public universities are funded by the US state government. These universities are often rooted to their local communities, thus making themselves dynamic and vibrant. State/public universities have a variety of courses on offer and are home to a large number of students from all over the world. These types of universities are usually located in both, large cities and small towns. And the tuition fees at public universities are lesser when compared with private universities.
On the other hand, private universities are run by student tuition fees, research outcomes, donations and other funding sources. These universities are not owned by any government body. Since private universities are not state-funded, they have the flexibility to choose their funding scheme and how to invest the funds towards research opportunities.
2. Community colleges – Community colleges in the USA are small community-based two-year colleges that offer vocational and certificate programs to students. These colleges work closely with some employers, and also offer different pathways programs for students. Class sizes in community colleges are relatively small. International students can choose such colleges to opt for any bridge programs or enhance specific skills before taking it to the next level.
3. Liberal arts colleges – Liberal arts colleges in the USA emphasize on providing undergraduate degrees in liberal arts and sciences. These colleges could be either private or public institutions. Compared with a usual vocational or technical or professional degree, a liberal arts degree lasts for four years of full-time study in USA.